“Fake news,” broadly defined as false or misleading information masquerading as legitimate news, is frequently asserted to be pervasive online with serious consequences for democracy.

Intentionally deceptive news has co-opted social media to go viral and influence millions.

Call it misinformation, fake news, junk news, or deliberately distributed deception, the stuff has been around for quiet some time now.

According to BBC’s Radio and TV presenter Vick Hope the different types of fake news are;

  1. Satire – made-up stories that aren’t meant to be taken seriously, written to joke about the news or famous people
  2. Clickbait – eye-catching but misleading headlines, designed to get people to click on links to make money or views for a website
  3. Propaganda – false facts which are written to promote a political agenda or a set of ideas
  4. Mistakes – sometimes accidents can happen, but a trusted source will always correct errors in their stories and say when they’ve got things wrong.

Vick Hope goes on to say that the following are the different types of false facts you find online which can also be described as:

  1. Disinformation – fake or misleading stories created and shared deliberately, often by a writer who might have a financial or political motive, e.g. propaganda
  2. Misinformation – this also means fake or misleading stories, but in this case the stories may not have been deliberately created or shared with the intention to mislead.

Zambia has in the recent years also experienced a sharp rise in cases of Fake news. Fake news has been used as a propaganda tool by certain political elements aimed at influencing public opinion on government and ordinary citizens with divergent views.

Fake news has also been reported in areas such as health, financial markets, mining just to mention but a few.

It is for the above reasons that Munati Television launches the Anti Fake News Fact Check – AFAN FACT CHECK to help government, civil society, political parties, corporate organizations and ordinary members quickly know the truth about any story that is posted online.

AFAN FACT CHECK will also help organizations and stakeholders reduce reputational risks associated with Fake News by quickly verifying and issuing a fake news tag on such false stories and information.

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